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Cities in poorer parts of the world

Page history last edited by catrin treanor 3 years, 11 months ago



1. Why has urbanisation been so rapid? (recap - see page 154/5 and take a look...)

An interactive map of urbanisation - worth a look!  and lots of links via this BBC page (not just poorer world cities in here!)


2. Rapid urbanisation has led to the development of squatter settlements and an informal sector to the economy.  

We will focus on Rocinha, which is a squatter settlement (favela) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil:


Make sure you are familiar with the characteristics of a squatter settlement - read your article and make a mindmap. Extend your knowledge by looking at these links:



NOTE - It isn't just Brazil - take a look at Dharavi the largest squatter settlement in  Mumbai, India - watch some of this?


3. Attempts to improve squatter settlements


Complete the tasks in this handout: Improving housing in  cities in poorer parts of the world:  

Self Help in Rocinha - WATCH


Favela Bairro Project



Sustainable solutions  - the 'Litre of Light' project - WATCH


4. What are the environmental problems resulting from rapid urbanisation and industrialisation in poorer parts of the world and how can the be managed?


1. Use this handout to help you complete the table. 

2. Read the article about the Taj Mahal and answer the questions: 

The Taj Mahal... - What problems does it face and why? How have they been managed? How successful is this? ( you can answer these questions in bullet point notes, include a map to show where the Taj Mahal is too)


extension opportunities...

1. follow these links and add examples to your work...


Air pollution   watch this BBC report on Shanghai! and THIS ONE!  - working towards a solutionrenewable energy


Waste disposalWatch this short clip about Kibarani rubbish dump in Kenya and read this about flying toilets


Gramacho, Rio's Landfill site and its problems


2. How does Cairo, Egypt manage its waste problems? Read page 166 and follwo this link  Zabaleen of Cairo  

Guiyu, China breaks down much of the world's discarded electronics, slowly poisoning itself in the process

Read more: http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1870162,00.html#ixzz0h0EupWvY




Now you know quite a lot about Rio de Janeiro...

Your aim:

  • Research a city of your choice from a poorer part of the world.
  • You must cover a range of  problems that the city faces and any proposed or actual solutions.
  • Present your report as an illustrated word document.(include a selection of annotated photographs)
  • Reference your research - use textbooks, the internet, the library and the online encyclopedia - copy and paste website addresses that you use at the end of your work

You can choose any city but you might like to look at either Kolkata (Calcutta) or Cairo as there is quite a lot of info in the Wider World Text Book - pages 60 - 63 and UG p166/7

Some starting points...


A very detailed UN report about housing quality  in many LEDC cities - click on the world map...

The Kibera Slum Foundation - Kibera, a slum area outside Nairobi, Kenya.  A good overview of the problems Nairobi faces. Kibera being torn down!

Images from a photographer's visit to Kibera on the Guardian website


Ant and Dec visit Kibera

Street children in Kolkata

Kolkata on Wikipedia

Dharavi - Asia's largest slum. Bombay, India - a gcse page all about it here!

Dhaka Bangladesh.

Mexico City - problems and solutions

Rio and its favelas e.g. Ro├žinha

Cairo - City of the Dead.

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